//Cloudogu EcoSystem Docs

Developing the SonarQube dogu

Build SonarQube inside a running CES instance by changing into this repository. Call then cesapp to install/upgrade and start the dogu:

cd /your/workspace/sonar
cesapp build .
cesapp start sonar

Integrating and Test the Sonar CAS Plugin within the Dogu

There are two alternatives for testing development versions of the Sonar CAS Plugin (you can find the compiling instructions there):

  1. Replace the plugin version in an already running SonarQube

    • rm /var/lib/ces/sonar/volumes/extensions/plugins/sonar-cas-plugin-2.0.1.jar
    • cp your-sonar-cas-plugin.jar /var/lib/ces/sonar/volumes/extensions/plugins/
    • sudo docker restart sonar
  2. Modify the Dockerfile and build another image with your local plugin version

    • comment-out lines that focus on sonar-cas-plugin
    • add a new line for COPYing your plugin, like so:

      • COPY --chown=1000:1000 sonar-cas-plugin-3.0.0-SNAPSHOT.jar ${SONARQUBE_HOME}/sonar-cas-plugin-3.0.0-SNAPSHOT.jar

Shell testing with BATS

You can create and amend bash tests in the unitTests directory. The make target unit-test-shell will support you with a generalized bash test environment.

make unit-test-shell

BATS is configured to leave JUnit compatible reports in target/shell_test_reports/.

In order to write testable shell scripts these aspects should be respected:

Global environment variable STARTUP_DIR

The global environment variable STARTUP_DIR will point to the directory where the production scripts (aka: scripts-under-test) reside. Inside the dogu container this is usually /. But during testing it is easier to put it somewhere else for permission reasons.

A second reason is that the scripts-under-test source other scripts. Absolute paths will make testing quite hard. Source new scripts like so, in order that the tests will run smoothly:

source "${STARTUP_DIR}"/util.sh

Please note in the above example the shellcheck disablement comment. Because STARTUP_DIR is wired into the Dockerfile it is considered as global environment variable that will never be found unset (which would soon be followed by errors).

Currently sourcing scripts in a static manner (that is: without dynamic variable in the path) makes shell testing impossible (unless you find a better way to construct the test container)

General structure of scripts-under-test

It is rather uncommon to run a scripts-under-test like startup.sh all on its own. Effective unit testing will most probably turn into a nightmare if no proper script structure is put in place. Because these scripts source each other AND execute code everything must be set-up beforehand: global variables, mocks of every single binary being called... and so on. In the end the tests would reside on an end-to-end test level rather than unit test level.

The good news is that testing single functions is possible with these little parts:

  1. Use sourcing execution guards
  2. Run binaries and logic code only inside functions
  3. Source with (dynamic yet fixed-up) environment variables
Use sourcing execution guards

Make sourcing possible with sourcing execution guards. like this:

# yourscript.sh
function runTheThing() {
    echo "hello world"

if [[ "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" == "${0}" ]]; then

The if-condition below will be executed if the script is executed by calling via the shell but not when sourced:

$ ./yourscript.sh
hello world
$ source yourscript.sh
$ runTheThing
hello world

Execution guards work also with parameters:

# yourscript.sh
function runTheThing() {
    echo "${1} ${2}"

if [[ "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" == "${0}" ]]; then
  runTheThingWithParameters "$@"

Note the proper argument passing with "$@" which allows for arguments that contain whitespace and such.

$ ./yourscript.sh hello world
hello world
$ source yourscript.sh
$ runTheThing hello bash
hello bash
Run binaries and logic code only inside functions

Environment variables and constants are okay, but once logic runs outside a function it will be executed during script sourcing.

Source with (dynamic yet fixed-up) environment variables

Shellcheck basically says this is a no-no. Anyhow unless the test container allows for appropriate script paths there is hardly a way around it:

# shellcheck disable=SC1090
source "${STARTUP_DIR}"/util.sh || sourcingExitCode=$?
if [[ ${sourcingExitCode} -ne 0 ]]; then
  echo "ERROR: An error occurred while sourcing /util.sh."

At least make sure that the variables are properly set into the production (f. i. Dockerfile)and test environment (set-up an env var in your test).

Test SonarQube Dogu

Due to communication problems caused by self-signed SSL certificates in a development CES instance, it is a good idea to run SonarScanner via Jenkins in the same instance. The following procedure has proven successful:

  1. install SCM Manager and Jenkins.

    • cesapp install official/scm; cesapp install official/scm; cesapp start scm; cesapp start jenkins
  2. SCMM: install Spring Petclinic in SCM manager by SCMM repo import into a new repository
  3. sonarQube: create local user or API token if necessary
  4. jenkins

    1. add credentials for SCMM and SonarQube in Jenkins Credential Manager
    2. for SCMM e.g. under the ID `scmCredentials
    3. for SonarQube pay attention to credential type!

      • username/password for Basic Authentication
      • Secret text for SQ API token
    4. create build job
    5. create element -> select SCM-Manager Namespace -> configure job

      • Server URL:
      • Credentials: as configured above
    6. save job
    7. cancel surplus/non-functioning jobs if necessary
    8. adjust and build master/main branch